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PNL Designs, LLC  provides editorial services and possess the talent to manage your publications from manuscript to final stage. Our tools of the trade include the GPO, Chicago, and APA style manuals to correct grammar, punctuation, bring clarity, and syntax to your documents. A keen eye for detail, adherence to deadlines, and strong project management skills are core qualities in our workflow process. 


Edits are made according to client's request. PNL Designs, LLC will use the Chicago Manual of Style to conduct review, unless otherwise instructed. Review of manuscript for grammar, punctuation, clarity and syntax. Our editorial services consists of substantive editing, copy editing, and proofreading in which each one involves different responsibilities.


SUBSTANTIVE EDITING (also known as Developmental Editing and Structural Editing)


The substantive editor works closely with the author. Together they establish their goals for the project. They also have to discuss and identify the audience. It is important to flesh out these details at the beginning of the project so the editor and the writer are on the same page. They both need to understand the project in order to work together effectively. Once the goals are outlined and the audience is identified, the substantive editor can help the author develop his or her story/subject matter. It is up to substantive editors to help authors see the big picture, but it is important to note that they do not write or rewrite anything for the authors. They advise them how best to rework their projects in order to deliver clear content. These editors specialize in examining the overall structure and can help with the organization of the content. They help authors fill in blanks and eliminate repetitions. They may suggest that the chapters be rearranged. They are not concerned with grammar or spelling. Ultimately, the substantive editor’s job is to help the author deliver clear, coherent writing to the intended audience.


Next, the manuscript goes to the copy editor who is primarily concerned with grammar, spelling, punctuation, and style. Copy editors ensure proper word usage and fix awkward phrasing, suggesting alternatives when needed. Ultimately, the copy editor will ensure consistency and accuracy. Some projects require a heavy copy edit while others only need a light copy edit. If the writing is in pretty good shape, a light copy edit will suffice. Generally, copy editing will take more time than proofreading since it usually involves reviewing the text multiple times.


Once the manuscript has been designed, the proofs are sent to the proofreader who will go over everything one last time. It is up to the proofreader to spot typographical and mechanical errors and any other mistakes that may have been missed by the copy editor. Once the document has been designed, the proofreader can also look for formatting issues, scrutinizing design and layout. This is the last opportunity to make changes to a document before it goes to print or gets posted on the Internet, and while it might not take as long as copy editing, it is just as important!


PNL Designs, LLC will place raw text from manuscript into publication template upon client's approval; review manuscript for grammar, clarity and syntax; create list of queries, and provide rough draft of publication to be reviewed by client. PNL Designs, LLC will also collaborate with subject matter experts to obtain content to be published.


Our rates are based on the Editors and Freelancers Association's hourly fees ( Rates may increase based on an expedited request.

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